Europe Day

We are celebrating Europe Day

On Europe Day, we present some data showing the integration of Slovenia with other EU Member States. Slovenia’s population is 0.5% of the EU population, while citizens of other EU Member States represent 1% of Slovenia’s population.

  • 6 May 2022 at 10:30
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Celebrating peace and unity

Europe Day, which is celebrated on 9 May, is intended for celebrating peace and unity in Europe and the memory of the beginning of the establishment of the European Union as we know today. On 9 May 1950, the then French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman called on European countries to join their coal and steel production. This association later became the present-day EU. Slovenia has been its member since 2004. 

Citizens of other EU Member States represent 1% of Slovenia’s population 

The European Union has 27 Member States and its population is about 447 million. At the beginning of the year 2022, Slovenia had a population of 2,107,180, which was 0.5% of the EU population. 
172,442 foreign citizens in Slovenia was 8.2% of total population. 21,192 (1% of the population) had citizenships of other EU-27 Member States. Almost half of them were citizens of Croatia, 15% of Bulgaria and 14% of Italy. Among foreign citizens in Slovenia in 2022, there were gender differences as regards the countries of citizenship. For 17 Member States, there were more men than women living in Slovenia and for nine it was the opposite. The difference in favour of men was the largest in citizens of Greece, Ireland and Malta and in favour of women in citizens of Lithuania, Latvia and Poland.

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A third of the EU immigrants to Slovenia came from Germany

In 2020, 36,110 people immigrated to Slovenia, 11,103 or 31% from one of the EU Member States. Most immigrants from the EU came from Germany (33%), followed by Austria (19%) and Croatia (15%). 
As regards immigrants from Germany, Austria and Sweden, more than 90% were Slovenian citizens. As regards immigrants from Croatia, the share of Slovenian citizens was 42%. The share was similar for immigrants from Italy.

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Among emigrants both Slovenian and foreign citizens

In 2020, 17,745 people emigrated from Slovenia, 7,380 or 42% to one of the other EU Member States. Most residents of Slovenia who emigrated to other EU Member States moved to Germany (24%), followed by Austria (21%) and Croatia (20%). 
As regards emigrants to Austria and Sweden, over 80% were Slovenian citizens. The share of Slovenian citizens was the lowest (41%) among emigrants to Croatia. 

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Citizens of other EU Member States in educational institutions

In the school year 2021/22, children and youth who had the citizenship of one of the other EU Member States also attended educational institutions in Slovenia. Kindergartens were attended by 304 children who had the citizenship of one of the other EU Member States, most of them Croatian citizenship (42%), followed by Italian citizenship (19%) and Bulgarian citizenship (13%).
In the same school year, 875 pupils with the citizenship of one of the other EU Member States attended basic schools in Slovenia. 80% had the citizenship of one of the four EU Member States: Croatian (35%), Italian (18%), Hungarian (15%) and Bulgarian (12%).
There were about as many upper secondary school students with citizenship of one of the other EU Member States as there were kindergarten children - 335. Almost half (49%) were Croatian citizens, followed by Bulgarian citizens (15%) and Italian citizens (13%).
In the 2020/21 academic year, 2,279 tertiary students from other EU Member States studied in Slovenia. Over 90% of them were from five countries. Most of them, 71%, were Croatian citizens, 14% Italian citizens and 4% Bulgarian citizens. Five years before, i.e. in the 2017/18 academic year, there were 17% more students who studied in Slovenia and had a citizenship of one of the other EU Member States.

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Among persons in employment from other EU Member States, most have Croatian citizenship 

In 2021, there were 879,495 persons in employment (excluding farmers) in Slovenia. 15,744 or 15% of all foreign citizens who were active in Slovenia in 2021 came from one of the other EU Member States. In the last six years, the number of employed foreigners originating from other EU Member States has increased by 24%. In 2021, most of the employed EU citizens were Croatian citizens, more than half (8,599 or 55%), followed by Bulgarian citizens with 17% and Italian citizens with 12%. Other EU Member States each accounted for 3% or fewer of employed EU citizens in Slovenia. 
The largest share (30%) of employed foreigners from other EU Member States worked in manufacturing, followed by construction with 12%, and by trade, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles with 10%. 

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In 2009, 2,326 employed foreigners were migrating daily from neighbouring countries to Slovenia, which was less than half of total daily migration in 2021 (5,618 in 2021). The number of daily migrants in 2021 was the lowest from Austria, followed by Hungary and Italy. In all these years the number of daily migrants was the highest from Croatia (in 2021 4,283). 

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About four million overnight stays of tourists from EU Member States 

About 11.3 million tourist overnight stays were recorded in Slovenia in 2021; 4.8 million of them were generated by foreign tourists, among them 82% (3.9 million) by tourists from EU Member States. The highest share was generated by tourists from Germany (27%), followed by tourists from Austria (9%) and Italy (8%). The fewest foreign tourists from EU Member States came from Cyprus.

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Slovenia imported EUR 27.2 billion of goods from EU Member States 

In 2021, Slovenia imported various goods from all other EU Member States. The value of imports from EU Member States was about EUR 27.2 billion or 65% of total imports. The least was imported from Cyprus and the most from Germany. Imports from Germany accounted for 15% of total imports, from Italy 11% and form Austria 9%. 
The highest value of imports from EU Member States was that of vehicles (EUR 3.1 billion), followed by electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof, and sound recorders or reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (EUR 2.7 billion), and nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances (EUR 2.7 billion). 

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Slovenia exported EUR 26.4 billion of goods to other EU Member States

In 2021, Slovenia exported various goods to all other EU Member States. The value of exports to EU Member States was about EUR 26.4 billion or 67% of total exports. The least was exported to Malta and the most to Germany. Exports to Germany accounted for 17% of total exports, to Italy 11% and to Croatia 8%. 
The highest value of exports to EU Member States was that of vehicles (EUR 3.9 billion), followed by electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof, and sound recorders or reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (EUR 3.3 billion), and nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances (EUR 2.7 billion).

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When making use of the data and information of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, always add: "Source: SURS". More: Copyright.