17 November is the International Students Day, international observance of student activism. The date marks the anniversary of the Nazi occupation of the premises of the Prague University and deportation of over 1,200 students to Nazi concentration camps in 1939. The day was observed for the first time in 1941, when the International Student Council in London declared 17 November the International Students Day.
Every other person in Slovenia aged 19 to 23 is a student
With the development of modern society education became increasingly important and available. The society quickly recognised that education has a positive impact on the well-being of people and economic growth. In the last decades we have witnessed a large jump in the number of students and today every other person in Slovenia aged 19-24 is a student. In the academic year 2000/01, 35% of people aged 19-24 were studying at tertiary level, while in the academic year 2011/12 the share was almost a half.
Female students predominate
In the 1950s women represented less than 30% of the student population. However, since the beginning of the 1980s women have represented the majority of the student population in Slovenia; in the academic year 2011/12 there were 104,003 tertiary students, 60,044 (58%) of them women. Social sciences still the most attractive
Social sciences are still the most attractive field of study, even though the share of students has recently been declining. In Slovenia most students decide to study social sciences, business and law. In the academic year 2011/12, the share was 34% (34,962) of the student population, of whom 66% were women.
The second most popular field of study is engineering, manufacture and construction; here the share of male students is much higher than the share of female students. In the academic year 2011/12, the share was 19% (20,027) of the student population, of whom 75% were men. Chart 1: Tertiary students by ISCED 97 fields of education and sex, Slovenia, academic year 2011/12
Source: SURSMore and more students study abroad
According to the data collected by the Centre of the Republic of Slovenia for Mobility and European Educational and Training Programmes (CMEPIUS), in the past decade the number of Slovene students who were mobile within the ERASMUS programme for studying abroad has been constantly and relatively rapidly increasing. In the academic year 2010/11, 1,199 students (1% of the student population) studied abroad. Compared to the academic year 2000/01, the number went up by more than 400%.
Mobility of Slovene students is lower within the ERASMUS programme for placement abroad, but it is also increasing. In the academic year 2010/11, 281 students went abroad due to placement, which is 0.3% of the student population. Chart 2: Number of mobile students within the ERASMUS programme, Slovenia
Some of the most popular countries ERASMUS students went to were Spain, Germany, Portugal, France and the UK.
Almost a third of students have scholarships
Scholarships are not only financial assistance to students during their studies but also investment in development. At the end of 2011 almost a third (29%) of students in Slovenia were receiving scholarships. Compared to 2008, the number increased by 22%. In 2011, most of the scholarships were national scholarships (20,149). Compared to 2008, the number increased by 7,617. Increasing problems of students covering their monthly expenses
According to Eurostudent SI 2010 survey, in the academic year 2009/2010 students had on average more problems covering their monthly expenses than at the previous survey in the academic year 2006/07. On average, the costs of living of students increased while their income decreased. In the academic year 2009/10, average monthly costs amounted to EUR 483.8.
To cover the expenses, students largely earn money by working via student employment agencies. On average, monthly income of students living in own households amounted to EUR 396 EUR; 54% of this income was earned from work, 40% was contributed by parents and the rest were government and/or other sources.
Students living with parents on average had lower income than students living in own households; average income of the former amounted to EUR 292 per month, of which 62% was from work, 27% was contributed by parents and the rest were government and/or other sources. Less satisfied with the financial and material situation
Results of the mentioned survey show that the share of dissatisfied student with the situation in which they live was high. As many as 45% of students living in own households assessed their financial and material situation as acceptable or unacceptable and only 22% of students as excellent or very good. For students who lived with their parents, the share of those who thought that their financial and material situation was excellent or very good was slightly higher (33%) and the share of those who thought that their financial and material situation was acceptable or unacceptable was slightly lower (41%). Employability of tertiary graduates is declining
A few years ago a person with tertiary education had a smaller chance of becoming unemployed; nowadays this is no longer so. According to the Employment Service of Slovenia, in October 2012 16,086 tertiary graduates were unemployed, 63% of them women. Compared to 2008, when 6,311 tertiary graduates were unemployed (62% of them women), the number went up by 155%.
In October 2012, most unemployed tertiary graduates were aged 30-39 years (5,494 or 34% of all unemployed graduates), followed by unemployed graduates aged 25-29 years (4,496 or 28% of all unemployed graduates). In recent years more than 60% of all unemployed graduates were up to 39 years old. Chart 3: Number of unemployed tertiary graduates by age groups, Slovenia
Source: Employment Service of Slovenia