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Careers of doctorate holders, Slovenia, 2009 – final data

Tuesday, May 31, 2011, First Release
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An average doctorate holder in Slovenia in 2009 was a man, aged below 54 years, employed in the higher education sector, on average he was satisfied with his job and was employed by his employer for a long time.

Among all doctorate holders were 62% men and 38% women
On 31 December 2009 there were 6,477 doctorate holders in Slovenia aged up to 69 years, 2443 or. 38% of them women. Most of the doctorate holders (almost 60%) were aged between 35 to 54 years old.

Among all the doctorate holders one tenth (9%) received their doctorate degree abroad.

Most of the doctorate holders (27%) had doctorate degrees in natural science, followed by those who had doctorate degrees in engineering and technological sciences (22%); the fewest doctorate holders had doctorate degrees in agricultural sciences (6%).

Among all the doctorate holders, 837 (of whom 40% women) received their doctorate degrees recently, in 2008 or 2009. Their average age at graduation was 34.9 years and the total average time to completion of the doctoral study was 4.59 years.

Two-fifths of doctorate holders were university or higher education professors
On 31 December 2009, the majority (5,985 or. 92%) of doctorate holders were employed, 6% were inactive and 1% unemployed. More than half (54%) doctorate holders were employed in higher education sector.

Among all employed doctorate holders, two-fifths were university or higher education professors and only 10% were executives, managers or senior officials.

79% of doctorate holders at principal job dealt with research and/or experimental work. Inter-sectoral comparison shows that among all doctorate holders the higest share (90%) of researchers1) was in the higher education sector; of whom women made up 36% of all researchers in the higher education sector.

According to the data, the doctorate holders remain at one employer for a longer period; 68% of them have not changed the job or the employer in the last ten years2). 78% of employed doctorate holders had their principal job with permanent contract. Among the doctorates holders who graduated in the past few years a higher share of those employed with temporary contract can be observed.

Doctorate holders were on average satisfied with their principal job
Doctorate holders assessed their satisfaction for each category3) , where more than 50% of doctorate holders assessed their satisfaction in almost all categories as "satisfied”. More than 40% of doctorate holders were very satisfied with the degree of independence, the intellectual challenge and the job location, the biggest dissatisfaction was expressed in terms of opportunities for advancement and salary.

14% of doctorate holders were in the past ten years internationally mobile4)
Among all the doctorate holders, one tenth was over the past ten years temporarily residing abroad. Most of them came back because of family or personal reasons and factors associated with employment. 6% of all doctorate holders intend to move temporarily from Slovenia within the next 12 months, mostly due to academic reasons and reasons related to employment.




1) Researchers are professionals who on 31 December 2009 were engaged in research and/or experimental work, i.e. conception or creation of new knowledge, products, procedures, methods or systems and managed such projects (more than 10% of his or her working time).
2) Between 31 December 1999 and 30 December 2009.
3) Categories related to the principal job which were assessed were: salary, benefits, job security, location, working conditions, intellectual challenge, opportunities for advancement, level of responsibility, degree of independence, contribution to society and social status.
4) An internationally mobile doctorate holder is a person who after being awarded a doctorate in the period between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2009 moved to a country that is not his or her usual residence for a period of at least three months because of postdoctoral studies, work or research.

Table 1: Doctorate holders by age class and sex, Slovenia, 2009
Age classTotalSex
TotalMenWomen
Total6,4774,0342,443
less than 35 years old1,159717443
35-44 years old2,0711,130941
45-54 years old1,613980633
55-64 years old1,221866355
65-69 years old413341M72M
M less precise estimate-use with caution
Source: SORS
Table 2: Number of doctorate holders by field of doctoral degree, and number of recent doctorate recipients by field of doctoral degree, by average age at graduation and average time to completion, Slovenia, 2009
Field of doctoral degreeAll
doctorate holders
Recent doctorate recipients
All
doctorate holders
TotalAverage age
at graduation
Average time
to completion
( in years)
Total6,47783734.884.59
Natural sciences1,757211M33,32M5,03M
Engineering and technology1,399187M32,21M4,96M
Medical sciences816109M35,61M4,84M
Agricultural sciences38958M34,63M4,42M
Social sciences1,282168M38,05M3,68M
Humanities808103M37,1M4,28M
Unspecified fieldN - - -
- no occurrence of event
M less precise estimate-use with caution
N too imprecise estimate to be published
Source: SURS
Table 3: Number of employed doctorate holders by sector of employment and sex, Slovenia, 2009
Sector of employmentEmployed doctorate holdersEmployed as researchers
TotalSexTotalSex
TotalMenWomenTotalMenWomen
Total5,9853,7312,2544,7523,0021,750
Business enterprise sector1,147742405714468246M
Government sector1,4008525471,049624425
Higher education sector3,2152,0121,2032,8791,8351,044
Other education sector87MN55MNNN
Private non-profit sector137M91MN78M58MN
M less precise estimate-use with caution
N too imprecise estimate to be published
Source: SORS
Table 4: Number of employed doctorate holders and recient doctorate holders by type of employment and sex, Slovenia, 2009
SexTotal number of employed
doctorate holders
Number of employed recent
doctoral recipients
TotalType of
employment
TotalType of
employment
TotalpermanenttemporaryTotalpermanenttemporary
Total5,9854,6591,327812493M317M
Men3,7312,996735496319M176M
Women2,2541,663592316175M141M
M less precise estimate-use with caution
Source: SORS
Chart 1: Share of doctorate holders by age group and sex, Slovenia, 2009
Chart 1: Share of doctorate holders by age group and sex, Slovenia, 2009 Source: SORS
Chart 2: Share of doctorate holders by assessed satisfaction with each category related to the principal job, Slovenia, 2009
Chart 2: Share of doctorate holders by assessed satisfaction with each category related to the principal job, Slovenia, 2009  Source: SORS
Methodological note
- In 2010, SORS conducted the international statistical survey on the careers of doctorate holders for the first time. With the statistical survey we observed people with doctorate degrees (regardless of whether the doctorate was obtained in Slovenia or abroad) aged up to 69 years, who have a permanent or temporary residence in Slovenia, on 31 December 2009.
- For classifying data by fields of science, the 2007 International Classification of Fields of Science and Technology is used.
- Because the survey did not include all units of the target population, but only a selected random sample, sampling errors appear in estimates. Therefore, the precision of estimates can vary. The Statistical Office draws attention to less precise estimates by flagging them with a special sign or by not publishing them at all.
- Because of rounding, the totals do not always add up.


Author:
Linked content
Links to the detailed methodological explanations, detailed data in Si-Stat database and liks to other related topic can be found on the web sitehttp://www.stat.si/novica_poglej.asp?id=124.

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