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Activity, Slovenia, 1 January 2011 – final data

Wednesday, December 28, 2011, First Release
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For each employed person in Slovenia there are 1.45 persons who are unemployed, inactive or younger than 15 years of age. Every third woman aged 15 or more is a pension recipient.

Highest employment rate at 33-45 years of age

According to the international recommendations, working age population (in Slovenia 1.76 million or 85.8%) includes persons aged 15 or more. This is also the age at which it is legal to have a job in Slovenia, but the employment of youth (15-17-year-olds) is negligible. A quarter of the population at age 22, a third at age 23 and a half at age 25 are employed. Only 15% of the population aged 33-45 years is not employed and 6.7% of the population at the same age are job seekers. The next turning point is at age 55 or 56 years when the number of employed persons drops to half of the generation and then the employment rate rapidly decreases when at the age of 61 years only 10% of the population is still employed.

The number of active men is by almost 95,000 higher than the number of active women

Significant differences in activity between men and women are the result of three factors:

  1. later entry of women into the labour market or employment directly related to the fact that more women than men are enrolled in tertiary education;
  2. earlier retirement of women due to current legal differences in the duration of the period of employment and minimum age required for retirement between men and women;
  3. surplus of men over women aged 15-74 years (almost 24,000) mainly as a result of specific sex structure of foreigners with strong male predominance (three out of four foreigners are men).

To a larger extent women start to get employed at age 26 (more than half of the generation is employed). At age 15-26 only one out of three employed persons is a woman. At least 80% of women are employed at 32-48 years of age and in those ages the differences between the employment rate of men and women are the lowest. Women start to leave the labour market to a larger extent at the age of 55 (less than half of the generation is employed) and at age of 60 or more only 2,680 women are still employed.

More than two-thirds of foreigners in employment

As of 1 January 2011 there were 76,000 foreigners aged 15 or more; nearly 52,000 of them were employed, so the employment rate of foreigners was 67.9% (for the entire population it was 47.5%). Sex is a significant employment determinant for foreigners in Slovenia. The employment rate for foreign men was 80%; it was exceeded in all age groups from 22 to 51 years of age and at age 24 to 37 years it even exceeded 90%. On the other hand, the employment rate of foreign women (36.6%) is below average and only exceptionally in four ages reaches half of the generation. At the same time an extremely high share of jobseekers is recorded among foreign women (unemployment rate is 20%). According to activity status, most foreign women (41%) are classified among other inactive persons (housewives, persons receiving social assistance) and are far below average involved in education programs; only 2.8% are at the tertiary level of education (the share for the entire population is 6.0%).

Almost two-thirds of economically inactive population are pensioners

At determining the activity status, in line with international recommendations and the EU Regulation on population and housing censuses pensioners are those pension recipients who receive old-age, disability or survivors pension (only if we were unable to determine another activity status, as a survivors pension is also granted to pupils or students). State pension was considered as social assistance. Around 511,000 residents of Slovenia received at least one of these three types of pensions, which mean that only less than 2% of pension recipients by activity status are not classified among pensioners. Despite the fact that there are significantly fewer women among employed population than men, due to their longer life expectancy (after age 65 years it is approximately 3 to 4 years longer) every third person in Slovenia older than 15 years is a retired woman and every fourth person is a retired man.

Table 1: Population by activity status, Slovenia, 1 January 2011
Aged 15 or more1,759,336864,861894,475
  - Employed835,776461,924373,852
  - Unemployed, previously in employment95,91852,19843,720
  - Unemployed, never worked before12,8755,5127,363
  - Pupils89,19846,42942,769
  - Students93,68439,82053,864
  - Pension recipients501,842206,449295,393
  - Others130,04352,52977,514
Aged 0-14290,853149,702141,151
Source: SORS
Table 2: Population aged 15 or more by activity status and sex, Slovenia, 1 January 2011
  Unemployed, previously in employment5.56.04.9
  Unemployed, never worked before0.70.60.8
  Pension recipients28.523.933.0
Source: SORS
Table 3: Measures of activity of the population by sex, Slovenia, 1 January 2011
Activity rate 53.760.147.5
Employment/population ratio 47.553.441.8
Unemployment rate 11.511.112.0
Source: SORS
Chart 1: Surplus of employed men over employed women by age, Slovenia, 1 January 2011
Chart 1: Surplus of employed men over employed women by age, Slovenia, 1 January 2011
Source: SORS
Next release:
Tuesday, September 22, 2015
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