About 60% of the population lives in one-dwelling buildings
There were 670,085 occupied dwellings in Slovenia on 1 January 2011. The total useful floor space was just under 55 million square meters in over 2 million rooms (2,191,186). Dwellings were located in 407,544 buildings in which 1,989,056 people lived in 791,870 private households.
22,378 or 3.3% of occupied dwellings were partially used also for business activities; the total floor space dedicated for this purpose was slightly more than 460,000 m2
in 29,269 rooms.
More than half of occupied dwellings were located in one-dwelling buildings in which just over 60% of the population lived.
A low share of the Slovenian population (57,304 or 2.8%) lived in collective living quarters such as institutions for the elderly, student homes, monasteries, guesthouses and other forms of collective housing. The remaining population (3,829 or 0.2%) lived in other housing units, which were originally not intended for living. Residents who had permanent residence at the addresses of the Centres for Social Work or various humanitarian organizations were also included in this category (usually homeless). The average size of occupied dwellings was 82 m2
Nearly a quarter of occupied dwellings were built between 1971 and 1980. The average age of dwellings was 38 years. Nearly 70% were older than 30 years and almost 133,000 or 20% of occupied dwellings were built before 1945.
The average size of occupied dwellings was 82 m2
. Dwellings in one-dwelling buildings were larger (102.8 m2
), while in multi-dwelling buildings their average size was 60 m2
Occupied dwellings had on average 3.3 rooms. If a kitchen is counted as a room (comparable to the OECD indicators), they had on average 4.3 rooms. One-dwelling buildings had 4 rooms and a kitchen, but occupied dwellings in multi-dwelling buildings had 2.4 rooms and mostly also a kitchen.
Most occupied dwellings had a bathroom and an indoor toilet. 20,059 dwellings (3%) with 51,125 occupants were without these facilities. These were mostly old dwellings, because their average age was 112 years.
Almost 60% (394,771) of occupied dwellings with 1,054,216 occupants were connected to the public sewage system. If we consider the collective living quarters too, 1,098,617 people or 54% of Slovenia's population in 459,895 (57%) of all private households were connected to the public sewage system. The highest share of occupied dwellings without a connection to the public sewage system was in scattered housing located primarily in one or two-dwelling buildings. The average useful floor space per occupant was 27.4 m2
On average there were three persons in a dwelling living in one or more households (the average was 1.2 households per occupied dwelling). The average useful floor space per person was 27.4 m2
or 1.1 rooms. If the kitchen is considered as a room, there were 1.4 rooms per person. The comparable indicator is 1.6 rooms per capita for OECD countries.
There were 565,940 or 85% of dwellings with single households in them. In those dwellings 1,464,110 people lived, on average 2.6 occupants per dwelling. The average useful floor space per person in dwellings with single households was 29.7 m2
. Almost 8,000 households used two or more dwellings at the same address. Those dwellings were located mainly in two-dwelling houses, where all occupants formed one common household.
In 104,145 or 15% of occupied dwellings lived more than one household, mostly two. In those dwellings 524,946 people lived in 233,872 households. The average useful floor space per person was 20.9 m2
and there were on average 5 occupants per dwelling. In most cases (84%) these were individual one-dwelling houses.
Slightly more than 21,500 private households were accommodated in collective living quarters (in particular, these were one-person households in accommodations for single persons/workers in, for example, construction industry) and in other housing units. 5% of the population in 12% of dwellings had more than 60 m2 of useful floor space per person
About a third (30%) of the population had from 20 m2
to 30 m2
of useful floor space per person. Such density was in 178,337 or 27% of dwellings. The highest density, less than 10 m2
of useful floor space per person, was in 23,249 or 3% of dwellings with 129,686 occupants.
On the other hand, 106,646 residents in 84,407 dwellings (2%) had more than 60 m2
of useful floor space per person. The average size of these dwellings was 106 m2
. In over 60% (52,134) of cases, these were individual houses; about 70% of them were older than 30 years. High shares of dwellings with low density in relation to occupied dwellings were in border areas and in demographically endangered areas.
Chart 1: Number of occupied dwellings by density standard, Slovenia, 1 January 2011
Source:SORS61,113 or 9% of occupied dwellings were rented
More than three-quarters of dwellings (518,127 or 77%) were owner-occupied, which means that at least one member of the household was the owner of the dwelling. 1,646,400 people lived in those housing units. The second highest share of occupied dwellings (98,847 or 14%) in which 190,638 people lived was dwellings with ‘other type’ of ownership (users). These were dwellings in which none of the residents was the owner, but the dwelling was not rented. In these cases the owners may be relatives, friends or others. Chart 2: Occupied dwellings by type of ownership, Slovenia, 1 January 2011
There were also 61,113 (9%) rented dwellings with 146,253 (7%) residents in 69,166 households (9%). The type of rent could be a non-profit rent, a market rent, a company rent or a dedicated (mainly for pensioners) rent. Most rented dwellings (42,666, 70%) were non-profit. In them 102,913 people lived in 47,288 households.
The average useful floor space of rented dwellings was 54.7 m2
. Dwellings rented for company purposes, were slightly bigger (63.5 m2
on average). The tenant's average useful floor space was 22.7 m2
. On average 2.4 persons lived in a rented dwelling.
The average age of rented dwellings was 37 years; almost a quarter were 60 years old or more. From 2002 to 2011, 5,352 rented dwellings were built; the majority (4,243) were non-profit or dedicated rental housing. Chart 3: Occupied dwellings by period of construction, Slovenia, 1 January 2011
Chart 4: Rented dwellings by type of rent, Slovenia, 1 January 2011