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In 2015, the production of stubble cereals 4.8% lower than a year earlier; record output of cherries (1,500 tons)

With 161,000 tons the total output of bread cereals – wheat and spelt, and rye – in 2015 was a tenth lower than in 2014, while with 119,000 tons the output of the fodder cereals – barley, oats and triticale – was 3.9% higher. The output of cherries (1,500 tons) is the largest ever.


In 2015 less bread cereals and more fodder cereals

The data on the average yield of individual types of stubble cereals in 2015 show that the situation was only slightly less favourable than in the record-breaking previous year. This year’s average yield of wheat (5.1 tons per hectare) was 2% lower than in 2014, but still a tenth higher than the average of the past ten years. The average yield of spelt – which represents an increasing share in the total output of the most important bread cereals in Slovenia (wheat and spelt), this year 2% – was 2.7 tons per hectare and thus a quarter higher than the average of the past ten years and the highest after 2003, when SURS started to collect data on this cereal. This year’s total output of wheat and spelt was 157,000 tons, almost a tenth lower than in the previous year, mostly as a result of smaller area sown with wheat. The area of the second most important bread cereal in the country, i.e. rye, which has recently been increasing, was also much smaller in 2015 (by a quarter) than in 2014. Rye output (4,600 tons) was a third lower than last year, but still 40% higher than the average of the past ten years. In 2015, the total output of bread cereals, i.e. wheat, spelt and rye, was 161,000 tons, which is a tenth (10.4%) less than in the previous year. Total output of the three fodder cereals – barley, oats and triticale – was 119,000 tons and thus 3.9% larger than the previous one, which is mostly the result of larger area sown. This year barley producers produced around 93,000 tons, which is 3.5% more than in the previous year and more than 50% more than the average of the past ten years. The area of triticale, which has been constantly increasing for the past twenty years (in total by more than ten times), was 6.1% larger than a year earlier. Triticale output was 4% larger than in 2014 and 54% larger than the average of the past ten years. The data on the average yield of oats are the same as last year. Total output of this fodder cereal was larger than in the previous year because of larger area sown.

Less oil turniprape and more fodder peas

Due to unfavourable weather conditions during the sowing period of oil turniprape in the autumn of 2014, in 2015 the area of this industrial plant was 70% smaller than a year earlier. In addition to smaller area, the yield of oil turniprape (2.1 tons per hectare) was also lower than a year earlier and 29% lower than the average of the past ten years. Oil turniprape output was thus only 17.6% of last year’s output and 73% lower than the average of the past ten years. After several years of decline, in 2015 the area of fodder peas was twice as large as a year earlier. Total output (around 1,000 tons) was twice the previous year’s output, but compared to the average of the past ten years it was 63% lower.

Good yield of early stalk fruit and berries

The two most important early stalk fruit species – cherries and apricots – did well in 2015. According to provisional data, the output of cherries in orchard plantations was 1,500 tons, which is a half more than a year before and the most in the past twenty years. Apricot producers harvested about 800 tons of apricots in orchard plantations, which is the best output ever. The record outputs of cherries and apricots are partly the result of larger area – in the past ten years the area of cherries increased by more than a half (57%) and the area of apricots by more than a fifth (22%) – and partly of good yield. The average yield of cherries in orchard plantations was namely 8.7 tons per hectare; 40% larger than a year earlier and a fifth larger than the average of the past ten years. The average yield of apricots (12.9 tons per hectare) was 86% larger than the average of the past ten years and the best ever. This year was also favourable for growing strawberries. The output was 30% larger than in the previous year, partly due to a slightly better yield. The output of blueberries and other berries was also good.

Good output of maize and potato is expected


According to the yield forecast as of 31 July 2015, this year maize producers in Slovenia are expected to harvest only slightly less maize for grain and silage maize than last year, which was an extremely good year for maize production. The expected average yield of maize for grain (8.5 tons per hectare) is 7% lower than the record-breaking last year’s, but still a tenth larger than the average of the past ten years. The expected average yield of silage maize (46 tons per hectare) is 7% larger than the average of the past ten years. This year’s weather conditions had a positive impact on potato harvest. The expected average yield of potato is only around 4% lower than in the previous record-breaking year, mostly on account of smaller area (by 9%). The expected average yield of 28.4 tons per hectare is 5.6% larger than last year’s and the largest ever.
 

Chart 1: Production of Wheat and spelt and Barley, Slovenia
Chart 1: Production of Wheat and spelt and Barley, Slovenia
Source: SURS

Chart 2: Production of Triticale, Rye and Oats, Slovenia
Chart 2: Production of Triticale, Rye and Oats, Slovenia
Source: SURS
Table 1: Production of early crops, Slovenia
20152015
2014
2015
tindext/ha
Wheat and spelt - total15669590.45.1
  wheat155,00890.05.2
  spelt1,687166.72.7
Rye4,59568.23.7
Barley92,874103.54.6
Oats4,996112.33.3
Triticale20,841103.94.6
Fodder peas1,095199.72.4
Oil turniprape3,49017.62.1
Source: SURS
Table 2: Production of early fruit in orchard plantations, Slovenia
20152015
2014
2015
tindext/ha
Apricot trees787273.412.9
Cherries - total1,504143.98.6
  cherry trees1,463149.38.7
  sour cherry trees4163.75.4
Stawberries2,081130.319.5
Source: SURS
Table 3: Production of early fruit in extensive orchards, Slovenia
20152015
2014
2015
tindexkg/tree
Apricot trees572147.019.9
Cherries - total4,817100.924.0
  cherry trees4,332100.825.0
  sour cherry trees485101.918.0
Source: SURS
Table 4: Yield forecast of same late crops, Slovenija
20152015
2014
2015
tindekst/ha
Maize for grains331,33694.68.5
Silafe maize1,297,81995.146.3
Sorghum for grains5296.2
Potatoes (early, late and for seed)93,20796.328.4
Source: SURS
Methodological note

At the same time, with the data for year 2015, we are publishing recalculated data for year 2014, according to new NUTS classification.

Because the data on areas sown for 2014 were collected according to the old NUTS Regulation, we are publishing them both according to the old and the changed NUTS Regulation. The data are available in Si-Stat data portal.

SURS has been disseminating the data as of 1 January 2015 on according to the changed cohesion and statistical regions. These changes are in line with the NUTS Regulation (EC) No. 1319/2013 and are explained in a Special Release published in December 2013.

Next data release: 26. 10. 2015