In 2017, 20,241 children were born in Slovenia. The mean age of mother at first birth was 29.4 years. 57.5% of children were born to unmarried mothers. The most popular name for boys was again Luka and for girls Zala.
104 fewer livebirths than in 2016
In 2017, 20,241 children were born in Slovenia (10,483 boys and 9,758 girls). For the tenth consecutive year a generation with more than 20,000 children was born, but the number is lower every year. Compared to 2016, 104 fewer children (0.5%) were born. The value of the basic indicator of fertility, which shows an average number of live births per 1,000 population, was 9.8 (2016: 9.9). The fewest children per 1,000 population were born in the Obalno-kraška statistical region (8.4), the most in the Jugovzhodna Slovenija statistical region (11.0).
Most children were born to women, aged 27-32 years. One in eight women of that age gave birth in 2017. For Slovenia fertility below the population replacement level is characteristic. The total fertility rate, which is the average number of live born children per woman of childbearing age (at the present mortality rate and on the assumption that the woman will reach her 49th birthday), was 1.62 (in 2016: 1.58) and was last that high in 1988. The main reason for the increase of that indicator is the decrease in the number of women in reproductive age (15-49 years) by 7,000.
Almost half of mothers at least 31 years old
The mean age of mothers at first and at all births remained the same as in 2016: mothers that gave birth in 2017 were on average 30.9 years old, those who become mothers for the first time were on average 29.4 years old. One in two first-time mothers (51%) had at least 29 years. 0,9% of all mothers were teenagers (younger than 20 years) and 0.2% had 45 years or more.
In all 12 statistical regions in Slovenia the mean age of mothers (regardless of birth order) was 30 years or more. In four statistical regions (Osrednjeslovenska, Primorsko-notranjska, Goriška and Obalno-kraška) the mean age exceeded 31 years; the oldest were mothers in the Osrednjeslovenska region: 31.7 years. One in four children born in the Obalno-kraška region was born to a mother aged 35 years or more, while in the Koroška region one in seven children was born to mothers at that age.
Women who in 2017 gave birth for the first time were older than 30 in two statistical regions: in Osrednjeslovenska (30.4 years) and in Obalno-kraška (30.1 years). First-time mothers were on average the youngest in Jugovzhodna Slovenija (28.3 years).
57.5% of children born to unmarried mothers
Fathers of children are on average 3 years older than mothers; this was also the case in 2017 (they were on average 33.6 years old). Ten fathers were more than 60 years old, 59 were younger than 20 years.
8,611 children were born to married couples, 11,630 (57.5%) to unmarried mothers. In the data on births the diversity of Slovenia is most evident in the share of children born to unmarried mothers. In 2017 more than two thirds of children were born to unmarried mothers in the north-eastern part of Slovenia. This part, especially the Koroška statistical region, was already in the 1970s the area with the highest share of children born to unmarried mothers. This was also the case in 2017, when in the Koroška statistical region 72% of all children were born to unmarried mothers.
Most mothers with foreign citizenship from Bosnia and Herzegovina
One in ten children (2,062 in total) was born to a mother with foreign citizenship, the most to mothers with the citizenship of Bosnia and Herzegovina (38%). Mothers with foreign citizenship were on average 29.3 years old and were 1.8 years younger than mothers with Slovene citizenship.
And some interesting findings for new-borns in 2017
For the 19th consecutive year most new-born boys were named Luka. In 2017, most new-born girls were for the second consecutive year named Zala. Among the top 10 most common names name Lovro for boys entered for the first time.
In 363 cases twins were born. Among twins two were not born on the same day.
In Slovenia in 2017 on average 55 children were born per day. 51 children were born on their mother's birthday, 62 on their father's birthday.
Natural decrease in 2017
For the first time after eleven years of natural increase, in Slovenia in 2017 more people died than were born (20,509 persons died; 20,241 were born). Natural decrease was −268. Natural decrease was a consequence of a higher mortality rate of persons in winter months.
Data on natural increase by municipalities and regions are published in the SI-STAT Database.
Live births per 1,000 population, municipalities, Slovenia, 2017
Live births, Slovenia
1) Average number of live born children per one woman in reproductive age.
Sources: SURS, NIJZ
Top 10 names of children born in 2017, Slovenia
Natural increase, Slovenia