Detailed and final data on research and development activity in Slovenia for 2016, which slightly differ from provisional data, are published in the SI-STAT Database.
Less spent on R&D than in the previous year
Final data on research and development activity in Slovenia for 2016, which slightly differ from provisional data published in the First Release on 9 November 2017, are now available also at a more detailed level in the SI-STAT Database.
According to final data, in 2016 EUR 812 million or 2.01% of GDP1 was spent in Slovenia on R&D in all sectors. Compared with the previous year, when EUR 853.1 million was spent, GERD was nominally lower by EUR 41.1 million (i.e. 4.8%) or if GERD is expressed as a share of GDP the share is 0.19 of a percentage point lower. In absolute terms, most of the decrease was on account of the business enterprise sector, which spends most of the funds for R&D. Compared to the previous year, its funds for R&D decreased in nominal terms by EUR 35.9 million or 5.5%.
In the business enterprise sector women researchers remain markedly underrepresented
Among 20,022 persons employed for indefinite or definite period in R&D, 11,282 (i.e. 56%) were researchers. If persons (employed for indefinite or definite period and external personnel) involved in R&D are expressed in full time equivalent3) (FTE), with which we try to avoid underestimating or overestimating the data on persons engaged in R&D, 14,403 persons were involved in R&D, of whom 8,119 (56%) were researchers.
The data also show that among researchers women are a minority. In 2016 there were 11,282 researchers in Slovenia (expressed in head count), of whom 35% were women. If researchers (employed for indefinite or definite period and external personnel) involved in R&D are expressed in full time equivalent3) (FTE), among researchers 33% were women.
If we show the distribution of women and men inside the three most important sectors of performance, it can be seen that as in the previous years in 2016 the share of women among researchers was the highest in the government sector. Among all researchers in this sector 50% were women. With 42% followed the higher education sector, while in the business enterprise sector women remain markedly underrepresented; among all researchers in this sector only 24% were women.
1) Gross domestic expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP is calculated on the basis of the latest available values of GDP.