According to provisional data on area sown, in 2017 cereals for production of grain dominated on Slovenian fields (56%); they were cultivated on slightly larger area than in 2016. Larger differences were observed among individual cereals.
Area sown with bread cereals decreased by more than 3,300 hectares, mostly on account of wheat
According to provisional data on area sown, in 2017, 95,820 hectares of arable land were used for producing cereals for grain, which is almost the same as in 2016 (0.3% more). A larger difference was detected among individual cereals. The area sown with our most important bread cereal – wheat – decreased by 10%, and the area sown with spelt by as much as 28%. Together they were cultivated on 28,042 hectares, or 3,419 hectares less than in 2016. Among bread cereals the only increase in the area sown was detected in rye and maslin. Together they were cultivated on 1,081 hectares, 11% more than in the previous year.
The area sown with triticale decreased for the first time in a decade (by 5%). Nevertheless, with 5,032 hectares it stays high above the ten-year average. Barley was sown more than in the previous year (20,396 hectares or 6% more), while the area sown with sorghum for grain increased by 30%; together it was cultivated on almost 140 hectares.
The area sown with maize increased by 4%, mostly on account of maize for grain (38,865 hectares or 7% more). Silage maize was sown on a slightly smaller area than in 2016. The actual use of sown maize depends on the growing conditions through the year, so the ratio of usage (grain or silage) can slightly change until the harvest.
As regards protein crops, the area sown with soya and fodder peas is still increasing
Soya was cultivated on more than 2,900 hectares, or almost 18% more than in the previous year. The area sown with fodder peas increased by 8%. Together peas were cultivated on almost 660 hectares of arable land, which is the most in the last seven years. The largest area sown with fodder peas was recorded in 2006, when it was cultivated on five-time larger area than today (3,342 hectares). Since 2006, the cultivation of fodder peas has gradually decreased and fodder peas almost disappeared from our fields; in 2014 they were cultivated on only 221 hectares of arable land.
Clover and lucerne were cultivated on 8,789 hectares, which is 107 hectares less than in 2016; nevertheless, they are still high above the long-time average. The area sown with clover-grass mixtures slightly decreased (by 5% or 141 hectares); at the same time, the area of grass-clover mixtures increased by 1%. Cultivation of grass and grass mixtures on arable land increased by 13% since 2016 to the total of 5,908 hectares.
This year again more area sown with turnip rape; a large decrease in the area sown with oil pumpkins
The area intended for cultivation of turnip rape increased to 3,435 hectares (by 9%), which is still just about half of production area in 2013, when turnip rape was cultivated on 6,131 hectares. Sunflowers were sown on 300 hectares of arable land, or a quarter more than in the previous year. After it has been increasing for four years, the area of oil pumpkins diminished by 910 hectares (17%); together they were cultivated on 4,500 hectares.
The area sown with potato did not change much compared to the previous year; a slight incline of 7 hectares was recorded. Potato was planted on 3,171 hectares, which is still four-times less than in 1991, when it was cultivated on 13,000 hectares.
More than 1,300 hectares of fallow landThe area of fallow land increased by 19% over the previous year; in total 1,316 hectares of arable land were resting.
Table 1: Area of important crops on arable land, Slovenia