In 2016, 2,900 Slovenian citizens immigrated to Slovenia, as did 13,800 foreign citizens. More than 8,800 Slovenian citizens and almost 6,800 foreign citizens emigrated from the country. Net migration in 2016 was the highest since 2011: 1,051 persons.
Positive net migration
In 2016, 16,623 people immigrated to Slovenia and 15,572 emigrated from it. Compared to 2015, the number of immigrants was 8% higher and the number of emigrants 4% higher. Net migration in 2016 was the highest since 2011: by 1,051 persons.
For the seventeenth consecutive year negative net migration of citizens of Slovenia was recorded: in 2016, 5,955 citizens of Slovenia more left the country than returned to it. On the other hand, net migration of foreign nationals was positive for the eighteenth year in a row: in 2016, 7,006 more of them immigrated to Slovenia than emigrated from it.
Interactive map 1: Net migration from abroad per 1,000 population, municipalities, Slovenia, 2016
Source: SURS (STAGE)
Most Slovenian citizens from Germany, most foreigners from Bosnia and Herzegovina
The most common countries of previous residence for immigrants with Slovenian citizenship in 2016 were Germany and Austria (19% and 17% respectively), followed by Croatia and Italy.
Most foreign immigrants in 2016 came from Bosnia and Herzegovina (35% of all foreign immigrants); some other common countries of previous residence were Serbia, Kosovo, Croatia and Macedonia.
Most Slovenian citizens to Austria, most foreigners to Bosnia and Herzegovina
In 2016 more than a quarter (27%) of emigrants with Slovenian citizenship left for Austria; some other common countries of next residence were Germany (20%), Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Among foreign emigrants, the most common country of next residence was Bosnia and Herzegovina (22%), followed by Germany (11%), Croatia (10%) and Serbia (9%).
Data on socioeconomic characteristics of international migrants will be published on 21 December 2017.
Non-registration of emigration
The continuous relatively high number of emigrants is partly due to administrative de-registrations of residence for persons who actually emigrated years ago. Such de-registrations of residence accounted for about 7% of all emigrations in 2016.
1.4% more internal migrations than in 2015
In 2016, 110,459 internal migrations (i.e. changes of residence within a country) were registered by 98,935 internal migrants (10,964 residents changed their settlement of residence more than once). The number of migrations increased by 1.4% compared to 2015.
The majority of residents who changed their settlement of residence in 2016 (80%) moved to another municipality; one in five moved to another settlement within the same municipality. Most changes of residence were made by Slovenian citizens (97,200 changes), while foreign citizens recorded nearly 13,300 changes of residence. Slightly more than a half of internal migrants were 20–39 years old.
In 2016, 4.8% of Slovenian population changed their settlement of residence at least once. Compared to citizens of Slovenia, foreign citizens are a more mobile population group: one in ten foreign citizens changed the settlement of residence at least once, while among Slovenian citizens one in twenty-two did so.
In 2016 another 47,308 changes of residence by 44,547 residents were recorded within settlements; statistically these are not counted as migrations. Within Ljubljana 14,975 residents changed their residence at least once, and within Maribor 5,557 residents did so.
New in the SI-STAT database
Table 1: Migration changes, Slovenia
1) The values are calculated from absolute data and are due to rounding not always equal to the sum/difference of corresponding indicators.
Table 2: Acquisitions and losses of Slovenian citizenship, Slovenia, 2016