Trade in goods by enterprise characteristics, Slovenia, 2015

Large enterprises contributed almost half of total exports of Slovenia

Exports of large enterprises represented 44.0% of total exports and imports of these enterprises represented 33.4% of total imports. Micro and small enterprises together contributed 24.4% of total exports and 34.3% of total imports.

  • 4/21/2017
  • |
  • final data

Manufacturing enterprises generated almost two thirds of total exports

In 2015 most goods were exported by enterprises that according to the Standard Classification of Activities belong to sections of activity B, C, D and E (mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply, water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities), namely 66.6% of total exports. Among enterprises from sections B, C, D, E in terms of value the most important was trade of enterprises from section C (manufacturing), namely at both flows of goods it represented more than 95% of the value of exports and imports of all enterprises from sections B, C, D, E.

The largest share of total imports was generated by enterprises belonging to section G (wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles), 44.6%, followed by enterprises from sections B, C, D and E (41.3% of total imports).

Data on the structure of enterprises according to section of activity reveal that both at exports and at imports enterprises from sections of activity other than B, C, D, E or G were the most numerous (more than a third of all exporters or importers).


A small number of large enterprises contributed almost a half of total exports

Among exporters and importers a small number of large enterprises (in terms of the number of employees) contributed the largest share of trade in goods (0.8% of all exporters and 0.5% of all importers); exports of large enterprises represented 44.0% of total exports and imports of these enterprises represented 33.4% of total imports.

Important contribution to the total value of Slovenia's trade in goods was contributed by medium-sized enterprises. The share of medium-sized enterprises was 3.5% of all exporters and 2.2% of all importers. These enterprises contributed over a fifth of Slovenia’s exports and imports.

Among exporters and importers the most numerous were micro enterprises (71.5% of all exporters and 63.1% of all importers), followed by small enterprises. Micro and small enterprises together generated almost a quarter of total exports (24.4%) and over a third of total imports (34.3%).


On average, over
a third of total exports with neighbouring countries generated by enterprises with fewer than 50 employees

The structure of Slovenia’s trade in goods with the most important trading partner countries shows that in trade with most countries the largest shares were generated by large enterprises. For example, large enterprises from Slovenia contributed 60.3% of exports to France, 52.1% of exports to the Russian Federation, 48.8% of exports to Germany and 46.4% of exports to Poland.

Micro enterprises with fewer than 10 employees and small enterprises with 10–50 employees focused on exporting to neighbouring countries. They together contributed more than a third of exports to Croatia, Italy and Austria. They contributed a similar share of exports to Serbia. Medium-sized enterprises also contributed the largest shares of exports to Serbia, Croatia and Austria (on average 28% in each).

On the other hand, the shares of imports of large enterprises from the most important trading partner countries were slightly lower than in the case of exports, while the shares of micro and small enterprises were mostly slightly larger. A review of trading with the most important trading partner countries in imports shows that imports from China were mostly contributed by large enterprises (45.5% of total imports from China), followed by micro and small enterprises which together generated 31.8% of the total imports from China. Imports from Germany were also mostly contributed by large enterprises (37.3% of total imports from Germany). The same applies to France (36.1%), while imports from the Czech Republic were mostly contributed by medium-sized enterprises (41.0%). In the case of imports from Austria and Hungary micro and small enterprises together generated more than 40% of the value of imports from each country.


The largest share of exports and imports generated by enterprises that traded with at least 20 trading partner countries

The largest share of exports and imports was contributed by enterprises that traded with 20 or more trading partner countries, namely 57.8% of total exports and 38.2% of total imports, although these enterprises represented only 1.7% of all exporters and 0.5% of all importers.

Most enterprises exported goods to or imported goods from only one trading partner country, namely 59.2% of all exporters and 60.4% of all importers. These enterprises contributed only 3.6% of total exports and 5.0% of total imports.

Among other enterprises that exported goods almost 10% of total exports were contributed by enterprises that exported goods to 6 to 9 trading partner countries (9.9%) and to 3 to 5 trading partner countries (9.4%). Among the enterprises that imported goods from 6 to 9 and from 3 to 5 trading partner countries the value share of these enterprises represented 13.7% of total imports. A slightly higher share of total imports (14.3%) was contributed by enterprises that imported goods from 10 to 14 trading partner countries.

Structure of exports by size of exporters and the most important trading partner countries, Slovenia, 2015
Structure of exports by size of exporters and the most important trading partner countries, Slovenia, 2015
Source: SURS
Structure of imports by size of importers and the most important trading partner countries, Slovenia, 2015
Structure of imports by size of importers and the most important trading partner countries, Slovenia, 2015
Source: SURS
Structure of exports and imports according to the number of trading partner countries, Slovenia, 2015
Structure of exports and imports according to the number of trading partner countries, Slovenia, 2015
Source: SURS
Table 1: Number of exporters and importers according to section of activity and values of their trade in goods, Slovenia, 2015
Section of activity of enterpriseExportsImportsExportsImports
EUR 1,000number of enterprises
Total23,940,02023,304,94323,84753,418
  B, C, D, E1)15,940,5439,632,9415,4567,985
  G2)4,407,91410,402,5986,90812,074
  Other activities1,034,6731,209,0738,55419,676
  Unknown2,556,8892,060,3312,92913,683
1) B, C, D, E Mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply, water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
2) G Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Source: SURS
Detailed data and time series are available on the SI-STAT data portal.
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