At the end of 2016, almost 418,000 labour migrants between municipalities were registered in Slovenia, or more than half of all persons in employment. There were 151,500 labour migrants between statistical regions, almost 60% were men.
More than half of persons in employment commute to work to other municipalities
At the end of 2016 almost 807,000 persons of employment (excluding farmers) were registered. In 2016 more than half of persons in employment or almost 418,000 were labour migrants between municipalities. The share of labour migrants has been slightly increasing from year to year. As regards labour migrants, men outnumber women, regardless of the territorial level at which data are presented.
Fewer persons in employment work and live in the same municipality
The number of persons in employment whose workplace is in the municipality of their residence is getting lower. At the end of 2016, around 389,000 people worked and lived in the same municipality, which was 48.2% of all persons in employment. Compared to 2015, the share went down by 0.4 of a percentage point. Among persons in employment whose workplace was in the municipality of their residence there were 46.4% women (almost 180,500). Most people were working and living in the same municipality in Ljubljana (83.6%), followed by Novo mesto (73.4%) and Idrija (72.6%). The fewest people were working and living in the same municipality in Trnovska vas and Sveti Tomaž (both less than 10%).
Municipality Trzin is still the most labour-oriented municipality
Very labour-oriented municipalities are those in which the number of jobs is at least 16% higher than the number of people living in them. At the end of 2016 there were 18 such municipalities: Trzin, Šempeter – Vrtojba, Kidričevo, Ljubljana, Nazarje, Murska Sobota, Zreče, Gornja Radgona, Novo mesto, Maribor, Celje, Odranci, Lenart, Ptuj, Velenje, Nova Gorica, Idrija and Koper/Capodistria. Compared to 2015 no new municipality entered the list of very labour-oriented municipalities. Among very labour-oriented municipalities, the municipality that particularly stands out is Trzin, which had three times more workplaces than persons in employment living in it. Daily or otherwise slightly more than 4,700 persons in employment travelled to work in Trzin. The most intensive situation as regards labour migration is in Ljubljana, where daily or otherwise travel to work almost 117,000 persons from other municipalities.
Labour migrants between statistical and cohesion regions
Labour migrations between statistical regions are not as frequent as between municipalities because they cover a larger area. At the end of 2016 there were around 151,500 (or 18.8%) labour migrants between statistical regions. A comparison by sex shows that more men than women had their jobs outside the statistical region of residence; almost 60% of labour migrants between statistical regions were men.
Even less common is labour migration between cohesion regions; there were 77,000 (or 9.5%) labour migrants between cohesion regions. Zahodna Slovenija had 11.6% more workplaces than persons in employment living in it.
How interesting is Slovenia for foreign daily migrants from neighbouring countries?
Foreign daily migrants are people who are citizens of neighbouring countries (Italy, Austria, Hungary or Croatia) and work in Slovenia but do not have a registered permanent or temporary residence in Slovenia. At the end of 2016 almost 2,800 foreign daily migrants were employed in Slovenia, 81.5% of them were men. Most of the foreign daily migrants were from Croatia (around 1,500), followed by Italy (slightly less than 900) and Hungary (around 400). Slovenia is the least interesting for citizens of Austria, as only 52 of them commute daily to work in Slovenia; compared to the previous year their number slightly decreased. In the past four years the total number of foreign daily migrants has been constantly increasing (every year by around 200).
Interactive map 1: Labour migration index, municipalities, Slovenia, 2016
Source: SURS (STAGE)